At the moment; there is a great deal of hype permeating the mainstream debate over the efficacy of CBD and the “type” of plant that is the most effective cultivar used for the extraction of CBD.
As I write this, there are 114 known cannabinoids. It is generally assumed that cannabinoids are only found in the hemp and marijuana plants. This modern-day myth has been propagated by some very specific special interests — more on this in a future blog!
Cannabinoids are found in simple things that are consumed every day in almost every household in America. Black pepper, rosemary, spinach, and hundreds of other plant-based organisms contain cannabinoids.
The issue at hand is the concentration of CBD that can be harvested from various plant sources. Hemp and marijuana contain the highest concentrations of CBD. Subsequently, the highest yield at the lowest cost for CBD is found in the hemp and marijuana plants.
Now things get a bit convoluted. The Marijuana Tax Act of 1937 was the United States Act that actually passed a tax on cannabis under the name marijuana.
“The American Medical Association (AMA) opposed the act because the tax was imposed on physicians prescribing cannabis, retail pharmacists selling cannabis, and medical cannabis cultivation/manufacturing. The AMA proposed that cannabis instead be added to the Harrison Narcotics Tax Act. The bill was passed over the last-minute objections of the American Medical Association.
Dr. William Creighton Woodward, legislative counsel for the AMA objected to the bill on the grounds that the bill had been prepared in secret without giving proper time to prepare their opposition to the bill. He doubted their claims about marijuana addiction, violence, and overdosage; he further asserted that because the word Marijuana was largely unknown at the time, the medical profession did not realize they were losing cannabis. “Marijuana is not the correct term … Yet the burden of this bill is placed heavily on the doctors and pharmacists of this country.” From Wikipedia “Marijuana Tax Act of 1937.”
The Origin of the Word ‘Marijuana’
The word “marijuana” plays a controversial role in cannabis culture. Many well-known organizations such as Oakland’s Harborside Health Center have publicly denounced “the M word” in favor of our favorite plant’s Latinate name, cannabis. Even Salon Magazine, a major press outlet outside of the cannabis industry, published an article titled “Is the word ‘Marijuana’ racist?” last year.
As mainstream culture becomes a little more herb-friendly, the terminology used by the industry is coming to center stage. But, why exactly does the term “marijuana” cause so much debate? Even worse, why has the word gained publicity as a racist term? Thanks to Leafy.com for the above excerpts from their excellent cannabis-101 series.
As ye sow, so shall ye reap.
The “plants” referred to above; hemp and cannabis are actually the same plant Cannabis Sativa L. In the general parlance of the day; marijuana is known as the plant that causes the high commonly referredrefered to as stoned. The other “plant” hemp is the name that everyone in the english speaking world used as the name for Cannabis Sativa L.
This from: http://www.history.org/foundation/journal/Winter15/hemp.cfm by Ben Swenson:
Hemp was among the first plants humans cultivated. Ancient Chinese pottery bearing impressions from hemp rope suggest its use 5,000 years ago and possibly more than twice that long. Credit for this long-term relationship belongs to hemp’s many applications: thread, cordage, cloth, paper, food and, yes, intoxication.
When humans took to the seas, every sizable vessel required lines and sailcloth capable of withstanding all that open water could muster. Hemp proved the best fit. Historian Martin Booth estimated the English fleet that defeated the Spanish Armada in 1588 donned 10,000 acres of cultivated hemp. The emerging prominence of the English navy was the chief reason English farmers and later their American cousins were required to devote a share of their acreage to hemp. The Virginia Assembly in 1632 ordered “that every planter as soon as he may, provide seeds of flaxe and hemp and sow the same.”
So back to our debate! What causes the same plant to have two different names? In the first instance; politics. In reality, the concentration of THC. THC is the cannabinoid (delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinoltetrahydrocannabidiol) responsible for the intoxication produced by “marijuana.” Both plants have concentrations of CBDs other than THC. Hemp, according to government regulations, cannot contain more than 0.3% THC. If the plant, by dry weight, exceeds 0.3% THC it is considered by the DEA (Drug Enforcement Administration) to be “marijuana.” This is the situation we are in today.
The Cannabist by: Alicia Wallace, https://www.thecannabist.co/2017/07/05/cbd-hemp-dea-marijuana-extracts-federal-lawsuit/82623/
“Cannabidiol is a non-psychoactive cannabis compound touted for its medicinal promise — but marijuana- and hemp-derived extracts rich in CBD and low in intoxicating THC, like CBD oil, are facing a future yet to be determined.
A decade later, Congress passed the Agricultural Act of 2014, also known as the Farm Bill, which allowed states to set laws on hemp production. The act defined industrial hemp as “the plant Cannabis sativa L. and any part of such plant, whether growing or not, with a delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol concentration of not more than 0.3 percent on a dry weight basis.”
“Under that legislation, a state department of agriculture or university could produce industrial hemp for research purposes, and others could grow the versatile crop under state-sanctioned pilot programs.’
Like you, most people are left scratching their head trying to understand the difference between the “two” plants with the same name. Back to: “as ye sow, so shall you reap.”
To create the plant known as “marijuana” you must control every aspect of the plants growing environment. Your endgame, generally speaking, is the concentration of the plants THC. To accomplish this feat of climate manipulation the plants are grown inside under expensive grow lights with environmental standards kept to maximize the desired outcome.
The “other” plant hemp is grown outside. The endgame here grow fast and harvest often for various commercial uses – none of which are intoxication.
So, back to what they – the two plants with the same name have in common: CBDs! By this time you are undoubtedly asking; what’s the big deal? Just harvest hemp and use the CBDs derived from the industrial version of the one plant with two different names.
The moral of the story? For thousands of years humans have used the plant Sativa L. In the last 95 years something changed. We must seek to understand what happened and make the changes to the ill advised and corrupt regulations and legislation that are the hallmark of our time.
My next blog post will outline the use of one of nature’s most powerful healing substances: activated hemp. Stay healthy, and ask questions!
-Mayor Mike Dunafon, Partner